Who Suffers Them?In the past, sports injuries were considered to primarily involve professional athletes and school sports programs. In recent years people have increasingly become aware of the fact that their injuries in golf, softball, tennis, racquetball, bowling, running, cycling, weight lifting and other sports warrant specialized sports injury care.
Traumatic Injuries:We have all held our breath when an athlete goes down injured in a sporting event, hoping that the injuries are not serious. These injuries take many forms. They include:
Sprain injuries are the result of damage to joints involve injury to ligament, menici, joint capsules and other joint structures. These and other injuries range from mild (grade 1 sprain) to severe (grade 3) sprain involving total rupture of one or more ligaments. Some severe sprain injuries require surgery. Others including total rupture of the medial collateral ligament of the knee have been shown to respond better to conservative care than to surgery, permitting quicker return to play in professional football.
Whether surgically repaired or not, a graded program of therapeutic exercise, beginning at a low intensity and progressing to the high intensity necessary to permit return to participation in the sport activity is crucial for full functional recovery. In many cases, when one joint undergoes significant ligament damage, adjacent joints undergo altered function. Normalizing the function of these joints takes strain off the injured joints, removing interference to maximal recovery.
Studies have demonstrated that in order for these tissues to regain their prior strength, gradually increased stress needs to be applied to the healing structures. Judicious application of manual therapies such as Active Release Techniques®, Graston Technique® and hold- relax stretching by a skilled provider maximizes recovery from these injuries whether surgical repaired or not by strengthening the structures, normalizing mobility and preventing the formation of adhesions with other structures.
Strain InjuriesStrain injuries are the result of damage to muscles, tendons and their attachment to bone are very common and like sprain injuries, vary greatly in severity. They range from the mild strain of over-training to total rupture of the muscle or tendon such as a full thickness rotator cuff tear. The more severe injuries are best repaired surgically. Whether surgically repaired or not, these injuries heal with scar tissue. As necessary as the scar tissue is, it is often excessive, binding neighboring muscles together that need to be able to glide freely in relation to each other. When muscles contract, they also need to broaden (the biceps is a perfect example). If scar tissue is permitted to form and to develop full strength across the belly of the muscle, repeated contraction will cause pain and persistent functional limitations. Judicious application of manual therapies such as Active Release Techniques®, Graston Technique® and hold- relax stretching by a skilled provider maximizes recovery from these injuries especially whether surgical repaired or not by strengthening the structures, normalizing mobility and preventing the formation of adhesions with other structures. At Thompson Chiropractic, our goal is your speedy and complete recovery.